The Impact of Corn Seed Size and Shape on Yield Potential

Trial Overview

  • Every year, farmers must turn their attention to the seed they will be planting.
  • Many farmers prefer a particular seed size and/or have had issues with a particular seed size in the past. However, as planters have improved in their ability to handle many different seed sizes, the question arises, “Does seed size and shape impact yield and stands?”
 

Research Objective

  • To determine if corn product seed size and shape has an impact on seedling emergence and yield.
Location
Soil Type
Previous Crop
Tillage Type
Planting Date
Harvest Date
Potential Yield
Planting Rate
Gothenburg, NE
Hord silt loam
Corn
Strip tillage
04/21/2017
10/24/2017
270 bu/acre
34,000 seeds/acre

Site Notes:

The following seed shapes and sizes were used in the study: AF (medium flats) 34.5 lb. unit, AF 40.0 lb. unit, AR (medium rounds) 43.0 lb. unit, AF2 (large flats) 48.5 lb. unit, and AR2 (large rounds) 59.0 lb. unit.A 110 RM SmartStax® RIB Complete® corn blend product was used.The study was conducted as a randomized complete block design with five treatments and six replications.Corn was seeded with a precision plot planter at a depth of 2.25 inches.Emergence stand counts were taken at five dates: May 11, May 12, May 13, May 15, and May 22, 2017.During the growing season, final stand count, barren plants, green-snapped plants, and the number of plants that died prematurely were recorded.Weeds were controlled uniformly throughout the season and no insecticides or fungicides were needed to control insects or diseases.

 

 

Understanding the Results

Figure 1. Average number of plants per acre counted on the five different dates
  • No difference was observed in the number of barren plants, green-snapped plants, or plants that died prematurely between the different seed sizes.
  • There were some differences in initial corn emergence between the different seed sizes, especially between the May 11 and May 12 stand counts (Figure 1), but the emergence numbers taken on May 22 were similar to the final stand count numbers reported in Table 1.
  • There was a slight reduction in final stand counts when using the larger seed size.
 

What Does This Mean for Your Farm

  • This was a limited study evaluating seed size from one corn product at one location with six replications. However, the results from this study indicate that there was no difference in yield performance between the various seed sizes.
  • For additional information on this subject, please read the Spotlight, The Impact of Corn Seed Size on Yield Potential.