Soybean Product Selection

​​

Selecting a soybean seed product should be based on yield potential and risk management. Differences in yield potential between products can vary greatly, making product selection a critical management decision (Table 1).

Other important considerations include:

  • Proven yield performance. Get data from on-farm trials, third-party and seed company sources. Multiple years and multiple locations will help provide a better understanding of product performance on local soil types and environmental conditions.
  • Select disease resistance traits that match the disease history of each field. Phytophtora, soybean cyst nematode, and sudden death syndrome are disease problems best addressed with products with disease resistance traits for the specific pest.
  • Plant a range of maturities to help spread risk across different flowering times to avoid drought and pest stress. It may be beneficial to include a later maturing variety as part to take full advantage of the seed-filling period and gain some additional yield potential.
  • Consider matching herbicide tolerance traits and soil residual herbicides in each field to control waterhemp, kochia, Palmer amaranth, and other weed problems.
  • Selecting products with good standability and lodging resistance is an important factor, particularly in high fertility and high production fields.
  • Select an appropriate seed treatment package to provide early-season disease, insect, and nematode protection. 171019100720
Ranked Management Factors Yield Difference (bu/acre)
Production selection 15
Planting date 8
Weed Control 8
Phosphorus fertility 5
Crop rotation 5
Row Spacing 3
Seeding rate 3

Table 1. Effect of various management factors on soybean. Source: Mueller, N. 2014. Why soybean variety is critical to improving farm yield. University of Nebraska CropWatch.